Monday, September 18, 2006
Herring's "CMC Forms" + non-standard spelling, punctuation, and capitalization
Does "CMC Forms" include these other features of online language, or does it just refer to things like abbreviation, onomatopoeia, emoticons, etc?
what publication(s) does that "CMC forms" come from?
(don't remember the original citation either...)
I'll just call it "internet slang" and be done with it ;)
we's bringin variation back to the masses!
i think that broadly defining standard use in terms of norms would be difficult, since language norms are so specific to individual communities - the idea of standard language is certainly community-specific as well, but that community is typically framed as being many times larger and more pervasive, like the idea of standard english existing across america. as to who is defining the standard, well, let's go through that answer in a few steps.
first, we're drawing from the variationist literature on how to define standard and non-standard uses of language, with obvious modifications on how non/standard features are realized (since these are very often phonological in nature, and that quality isn't really relevant in written discourse); second, as researchers we're hypothesizing that the standards of standard written english will be held as the standard in online language use, since text-based CMD is, at its core, written language; and third, at the heart of our work, i think, is a consideration of how speakers are conceptualizing standard use online.
to that end, we might consider how speakers move from the use of certain features we classify as non-standard to the use of certain features we classify as standard as, say, the formality of an interaction increases; how language ideologies speak to standards of use (what can be gleaned from 'Come on, you go to school and write normal everyday, why can't you capitalize your words, write WHOLE words, and end with a punctuation...the appropriate puctuation!', for example); and various other methods that we're still mulling over.
squires may have more to add, and of course, comments welcome. this is new territory. difficult territory. rough terrain.
I believe that all would be included in what David Crystal (2001) calls "netspeak," which has the advantage of grouping them as a set of features that tend to co-occur, but which has the disadvantage of implying that CMC language constitutes a single linguistic variety.